Postpubertal orchiopexy is usually considered a cosmetic operation and unlikely to have any effect on fertility. We describe a 32-year-old patient with bilateral undescended testes who underwent bilateral orchiopexy at 18 years of age. He presented with primary infertility and azoospermia. After fertility counseling, testicular sperm extraction in conjunction with intracytoplasmic sperm injection was performed. A few spermatozoa were recovered and produced a fertilization rate of 42.9%. Pregnancy resulted and a healthy baby girl was delivered. We suggest that orchiopexy be recommended in infertile men with bilateral cryptorchidism, and that testicular sperm extraction be recommended if azoospermia persists after surgery.
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