This study describes the sulfate-reducing (SR) and sulfide-oxidizing (SO) process using Monod-type model with best-fit model parameters both being reported and estimated. The molar ratio of oxygen to sulfide (ROS) significantly affects the kinetics of the SR+SO process. The S0 is produced by SO step but is later consumed by sulfur-reducing bacteria to lead to "rebound" in sulfide concentration. The model correlated well all experimental data in the present SR+SO tests and the validity of this approach was confirmed by independent sulfur bioreduction tests in four denitrifying sulfide removal (DSR) systems. Modeling results confirm that the ratio of oxygen to sulfide is a key factor for controlling S0 formation and its bioreduction. Overlooking S0 bioreduction step would overestimate the yield of S0.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal