Superimposition of different pinning mechanisms by combined additives in Sm-Ba-Cu-O superconductors

Shih Yun Chen, Ping Chi Hsieh, In Gann Chen, Maw Kuen Wu

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The critical current density (Jc) of melt-textured growth (MTG) RE-Ba-Cu-O (RE: rare earth elements) materials is strongly affected by the pinning mechanisms of various defects associated with microstructual variations. In this study, different additives were used, such as (a) 0.5 wt % Pt/1.0 wt % CeO2 (A1), (b) nano sized Sm2BaCuO5 particles (N1 ), and (c) co doping of A1 and N1 (C1). The influence of individual addition of A1 and N1 species was studied. Enhancement in the Jc-H curves was shown for both types of additives, however, at different magnetic fields. Microstructural studies showed that the size of 211-particle decreased and the number of particles increased significantly in the Al samples, which resulted in increasing dislocations and stacking fault density (known as δ1 pinning) associated with the 211/123 interfaces. On the other hand, in the N1 sample, nano scale compositional fluctuation of Sm1+xBa2-xCu 3Oy (where x as well as Tc varied on the nanometer scale) was proposed to result in δTc pinning. The study shows that two types of pinning centers (δl of the Al sample and δTc of the N1 sample) can be superimposed by the combined addition of both additives. Thus, a high Jc at different fields can be achieved due to the activation of different pinning centers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6002-6007
Number of pages6
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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