Superior performance characteristics for the poly(2,5-dimethoxyaniline)- poly(styrene sulfonic acid)-based electrochromic device

Chen Yan Li, Li Ming Huang, Ten Chin Wen, A. Gopalan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have fabricated an electrochromic (EC) device with poly(2,5- dimethoxyaniline), PDMA, entrapped in poly(styrene sulfonic acid) (PSS) as an electrochromic layer. The device showed improved performances like stability, optical contrast, etc., over the device with a PDMA layer doped by H 2SO4. In the process of fabrication of the EC device with a sandwich configuration, indium tin oxide (ITO)/PDMA-PSS||poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI)/orthophosphoric acid (H3PO4)/WO3/ITO, electrochemical polymerization of 2,5-dimethoxyaniline (DMA) was performed with PSS as electrolyte and ITO coated glass as working electrode. The performance characteristics of EC device, like optical contrast, stability, switching time, etc., were followed by cyclic voltammetry, double potential step chronoamperometry and in-situ spectroelectrochemistry. The device was operated in between - 1 V and + 1 V, and absorption characteristics were followed by in-situ UV-visible spectroscopy. A visible contrast in color upon switching the potential from - 1 V to + 1 V was noticed for the device. The device was pale yellow at - 1 V and dark green at + 1 V. Incorporation of PSS into PDMA resulted enhancement in the performance of the complementary electrochromic device. The optical contrast of the device was improved by incorporating PSS into PDMA matrix. The device retained nearly 50% of their optical contrast after 10,000 double steps informing the superior performance of PDMA-PSS in the EC device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-802
Number of pages8
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume177
Issue number7-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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