Supporting students with disabilities to achieve high potential through occupational therapy services during transition periods

Suchitporn Lersilp, Kewalin Panyo, Supawadee Putthinoi, Hsiu Yun Hsu, Li Chieh Kuo, Napalai Chaimaha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Transition periods are integral parts of a person's life span, characterized by phases of life and shifts in activity before adapting to new situations. Objectives: This study aims to understand the high potential characteristics of students with disabilities and evaluate the roles of school-based occupational therapists (SBOT) in assisting these students during transition periods. Method: This study comprised 196 students and five SBOT. Research instruments included a characteristic checklist for potential learners and an in-depth interview methodology. The checklist, developed from related literature, consisted of three domains: physical and socio-emotional health, self-determination, and communication and academic performance. Students' performance levels were rated by teachers, with high potential characteristics being defined as achieving an average total score ≥2.0, without obtaining a zero in any checklist item. Results: Most participants achieved full scores for high potential characteristics in the physical and socio-emotional health domain. Most SBOT provided direct, indirect, and integrated services using various service delivery models that were tailored to different types of disabilities. Conclusion: This study provides fundamental information for SBOT and school professionals to foster high-potential characteristics in students with disabilities during transition periods. Suitable services in the domains of physical and socio-emotional health, self-determination, and communication and academic performance can enhance these high-potential characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3480
JournalBrazilian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Occupational Therapy

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