The role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in the regulation of Fas-mediated cell death was investigated. Murine L929 fibroblasts were pretreated with anisomycin for 1 h to activate JNK, followed by exposure to anti-Fas antibodies/actinomycin D (ActD) for 16-24 h. Compared to untreated controls, the induction of JNK activation failed to raise cellular sensitivity to anti-Fas/ActD killing. Notably, a significant increase in anti-Fas/ActD killing as induced by JNK preactivation was observed in L929 cells which were engineered to suppress IκBα protein expression by antisense mRNA. Restoration of the IκBα protein level in these cells by ectopic expression of a cDNA construct abolished the JNK-increased anti-Fas/ActD killing. Despite the suppression of IκBα, no constitutive p65 (RelA) NF-κB nuclear translocation was observed in the IκBα-antisense cells. Also, inhibition of NF-κB by curcumin failed to inhibit the JNK-increased Fas cytotoxicity, suggesting that NF-κB is not involved in the observed effect. Most interestingly, culturing of L929 cells on extracellular protein matrices resulted in partial suppression of IκBα expression and constitutive JNK and p42/44 MAPK activation. Upon stimulation with anisomycin, these matrix protein-stimulated cells further exhibited reduced IκBα expression and p42/44 MAPK activation, as well as became sensitized to JNK-increased anti-Fas/ActD killing. Again, ectopic expression of IκBα in these cells abolished the enhanced anti-Fas/ActD killing effect. Together, these results indicate that suppression of IκBα expression is essential for JNK-mediated enhancement of Fas cytotoxicity. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Jul 21|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology