This paper describes an experimental study on the suppression of soot by metal additives during the combustion of polystyrene (PS). A two-dimensional flame generated by using a Wolfhard- Parker type diffusion flame burner was used to simulate practical combustion situations. The PS was continuously fed to the burner and, by controlling the feed rate, the combustion was maintained at a steady state. The additives tested were the salts of Li, Na, K, Mg, Ca, Sr, and Ba, and the combinations of the salts of K and Ca, Sr, or Ba. These additives were added to the flame in the form of small drops of their aqueous solutions generated by an ultrasonic atomizer. Since the flow rate of the carrier gas (air) is very small, this addition causes no noticeable disturbance to the flame. The effectiveness of the alkali metals follows the order of their ease of ionization, i.e., K > Na > Li, and that of the alkaline-earth metals: Ba > Sr > Ca > Mg. At low addition rates, the effectiveness increases with increasing addition rate but becomes unaffected at high addition rates and the maximum percentage of soot suppressed is approximately 50 percent. The combinations of the two metals (i.e., K and Ca, Sr, or Ba) are much more effective than each single metal at the same addition rates and the maximum percentage of soot suppressed reaches approximately 90 percent. It is proposed that the alkaline-earth metals catalyze the ionization of the alkali metals, thus significantly enhancing the effect on soot suppression.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association|
|Publication status||Published - 1992 Aug|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law