Surface modification of gold nanoparticles and their monolayer behavior at the air/water interface

Chaio Ling Hsu, Ke Hsuan Wang, Chien Hsiang Chang, Wen Ping Hsu, Yuh Lang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Gold nanoparticles were prepared by two different methods. The first method was chemically grafting the particles with different lengths of alkylthiol (C 6 SH, C 12 SH and C 18 SH). For the second method, the Au particles were surface modified first by mercaptosuccinic acid (MSA) to render a surface with carboxylic acid groups which play a role to physically adsorb cationic surfactant in chloroform. This method was termed physical/chemical method. In the first method, the effects of alkyl chain length and dispersion solvent on the monolayer behavior of surface modified gold nanoparticles was evaluated. The gold nanoparticles prepared by 1-hexanthiol demonstrated the narrowest size distribution. Most of them showed narrower particle size distributions in chloroform than in hexane. For the physical/chemical method, the particles can spread more uniformly on the water surface which is attributed to the amphiphilic character of the particles at the air/water interface. However, the particles cannot pack closely due to the relatively weak particle-particle interaction. The effect of alkyl chain length was also assessed for the second method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2756-2763
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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