Surface modification of SU8 photoresist for shrinkage improvement in a monolithic MEMS microstructure

Chen-Kuei Chung, Y. Z. Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of O2 plasma treatment on the surface property of exposed and unexposed SU8 photoresist has been investigated for the fabrication of a monolithic MEMS microstructure. It can solve the non-uniformity problem of second resist coating on the SU8 with high intrinsic shrinkage after exposure and post-exposure baking (PEB) in the fabrication of the stacked polymer-metal or polymer-polymer structure, which was used in the application of microfluid, bio and chemistry. The thickness difference of untreated SU8 before PEB between the exposed and unexposed SU8 was about 0.3% while that after PEB increased to about 6%. It could result in large non-uniformity of about 18 νm thickness difference for the following second resist coating on the hydrophobic surface without plasma treatment. The surface property of SU8 in terms of the contact angle and surface energy can be adjusted by O2 plasma treatment for enhancing the coating uniformity of the following resist. The measured contact angles of the exposed and unexposed SU8 decrease with O2 plasma time, corresponding to the increased surface energy determined by the Lifshitz-van der Waals/Lewis acid-base approach. It displayed that the similar hydrophilic surface property can minimize the thickness difference of second resist coating on the first shrunken SU8. A monolithic nozzle plate with a physical resolution of 600 dpi in a single column was demonstrated for an inkjet application based on the improved uniformity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number004
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Microengineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics

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