We report the optoelectronic device properties of individual Au-silica hybrid nanowires prepared by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Due to the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect the photo-responsivity peak strongly depends on the shape of the embedded gold nanostructures in the silica nanowire in which the shape can be modified by controlling the growth time of Au-silica nanowires. Finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation shows that the electric field distribution profiles of Au-silica hybrid nanowires support the photo-responsivity spectrum results. The photodetector performance of the Au-NPs@silica nanowire is investigated. The single Au-NPs@silica nanowire exhibits unique photo-responsivity in the visible range (500 nm), high selectivity, high photoconductive gain, and very fast rise (141 μs) and decay (298 μs) time constants. Furthermore, the mechanism for the high photoconductive gain is also discussed. This result implies that the Au-NPs@silica nanowire can be applied for future nanoscale optoelectronic devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)