A novel method for enhanced circular dichroism (CD) detection is proposed based on a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) prism coupler and a polarization scanning ellipsometry technique. An analytical model is derived to extract the CD and degree of polarization (DOP) properties of optical samples with and without scattering effects, respectively. The validity of the analytical model is confirmed by means of numerical simulations. The simulation results show that the proposed detection method has a sensitivity of 10-5-10-6 RIU (refractive index unit) for refractive indices in the range of 1.32-1.36 and 1.3100-1.3118. The practical feasibility of the proposed method is demonstrated by the experimental results for the sensitivity of the CD with the chlorophyllin samples with/without scattering effect. It is shown that for both types of sample, the extracted CD value increases linearly with the chlorophyll concentration over the considered range. In general, the results obtained in this study show that the measured CD response is highly sensitive to the polarization scanning angle. Consequently, the potential of polarization scanning ellipsometry for high-resolution CD detection is confirmed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics