Surface roughness effects on aluminium-based ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers

Yi Cheng Chung, Pi Ju Cheng, Yu Hsun Chou, Bo Tsun Chou, Kuo Bin Hong, Jheng Hong Shih, Sheng Di Lin, Tien Chang Lu, Tzy Rong Lin

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Abstract

We systematically investigate the effects of surface roughness on the characteristics of ultraviolet zinc oxide plasmonic nanolasers fabricated on aluminium films with two different degrees of surface roughness. We demonstrate that the effective dielectric functions of aluminium interfaces with distinct roughness can be analysed from reflectivity measurements. By considering the scattering losses, including Rayleigh scattering, electron scattering, and grain boundary scattering, we adopt the modified Drude-Lorentz model to describe the scattering effect caused by surface roughness and obtain the effective dielectric functions of different Al samples. The sample with higher surface roughness induces more electron scattering and light scattering for SPP modes, leading to a higher threshold gain for the plasmonic nanolaser. By considering the pumping efficiency, our theoretical analysis shows that diminishing the detrimental optical losses caused by the roughness of the metallic interface could effectively lower (∼33.1%) the pumping threshold of the plasmonic nanolasers, which is consistent with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number39813
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 3

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Chung, Y. C., Cheng, P. J., Chou, Y. H., Chou, B. T., Hong, K. B., Shih, J. H., Lin, S. D., Lu, T. C., & Lin, T. R. (2017). Surface roughness effects on aluminium-based ultraviolet plasmonic nanolasers. Scientific reports, 7, [39813]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep39813