Surveillance of the colorectal cancer disparities among demographic subgroups: A spatial analysis

Chiehwen Ed Hsu, Francisco Soto Mas, Jessica M. Hickey, Jerry A. Miller, Dejian Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: The literature suggests that colorectal cancer mortality in Texas is distributed inhomogeneously among specific demographic subgroups and in certain geographic regions over an extended period. To understand the extent of the demographic and geographic disparities, the present study examined colorectal cancer mortality in 15 demographic groups in Texas counties between 1990 and 2001. METHODS: The Spatial Scan Statistic was used to assess the standardized mortality ratio, duration and age-adjusted rates of excess mortality, and their respective p-values for testing the null hypothesis of homogeneity of geographic and temporal distribution. RESULTS: The study confirmed the excess mortality in some Texas counties found in the literature, identified 13 additional excess mortality regions, and found 4 health regions with persistent excess mortality involving several population subgroups. CONCLUSION: Health disparities of colorectal cancer mortality continue to exist in Texas demographic subpopulations. Health education and intervention programs should be directed to the at-risk subpopulations in the identified regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)949-956
Number of pages8
JournalSouthern Medical Journal
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sept

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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