Sustainable cement and clay support in Ni–Cu/Al2O3 catalysts for enhancing hydrogen production from methanol steam reforming

Wei Hsin Chen, Chun Yin Cheng, Yi Kai Chih, Rei Yu Chein, Aristotle T. Ubando, Meisam Tabatabaei, Su Shiung Lam, Hong Ping Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sustainable cement-clay composite is used as the support of bimetallic Ni–Cu/Al2O3 catalysts for hydrogen production from methanol steam reforming (MSR) reaction. The results indicate that higher methanol conversion and hydrogen yield can be obtained using composite supported catalysts. The cement-clay composite possesses CO2 absorption capability, which can enhance MSR performance. In the cases of a large proportion of cement, the CO2 concentration in the product is decreased by 1–2% where methanol conversion and hydrogen yield are not reduced. By varying the catalyst compositions such as Ni content, Ni–Cu/Al2O3 loading, and the weight ratio of cement and clay, 100% methanol conversion can be achieved as Ni content and Ni–Cu/Al2O3 loading increase. However, the CO concentration also increases due to the enhanced reverse water gas shift reaction. The results of the prepared 12 cement-clay-supported cases show the best performance with methanol conversion of 100%, hydrogen yield of 2.85 mol·(mol CH3OH)−1, and CO concentration of 5.90%. The scanning electron microscope images indicate no sintering of the spent catalyst, and the thermogravimetric analysis shows low coke formation on the catalyst surface. Overall, cement-clay replacing metal components in catalysts can efficiently reduce costs and intensify hydrogen production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-283
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb 7

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sustainable cement and clay support in Ni–Cu/Al2O3 catalysts for enhancing hydrogen production from methanol steam reforming'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this