Sustainable production of 4-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and cultivation of Chlorella sorokiniana and Chlorella vulgaris as circular economy

Chengfeng Xue, I. Son Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 4-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is important to produce bio-nylon 4 in biorefineries. First, a glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) was propagated in three different Escherichia coli strains to achieve 100% conversion from 1 M monosodium glutamate after optimization of the process. To make the process greener and more efficient, in situ CO2 adaptation and citrate feeding strategies to maintain the optimal pH value and 498 g/L of GABA was obtained. However, the process releases the equivalent amount of CO2. Therefore, CO2 generated from GABA production was completely sequestered in sodium hydroxide to form bicarbonate and applied in a coupling culture of Chlorella sorokiniana (CS) or Chlorella vulgaris (CV) to increase the biomass when combined with sodium bicarbonate and carbonic anhydrase. Further improvement of 1.65-fold biomass and 1.43-fold lipid content were occurred when supplying GABA to the culture. This integrative process provided the highest GABA production rate without CO2 release, forming an eco-friendly and carbon-neutral technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126089
JournalBioresource technology
Volume343
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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