Swallowing Training Combined With Game-Based Biofeedback in Poststroke Dysphagia

Chih Ming Li, Tyng Guey Wang, Hsiao Yu Lee, Hsueh Pei Wang, Shang Heng Hsieh, Michelle Chou, Jia-Jin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background For patients with dysphagia due to stroke, in addition to compensatory strategies, exercises are used to help improve motor function. Biofeedback is used in neuromuscular training and is promising for swallowing training. Objective To evaluate the functional value of game-based biofeedback in swallowing therapy for patients with poststroke dysphagia. Design A case-control study. Setting Academic tertiary hospital. Participants Subjects with poststroke dysphagia (n = 20) were individually matched to 2 separate groups, a game-based biofeedback group (n = 10) or a control group (n = 10), for age, gender, duration of dysphagia, and dysphagia grades. Interventions Each participant underwent 1-hour sessions 3 times per week for a total of 16 treatment sessions. Each session included a 30-minute session of traditional swallow treatment and a 30-minute session of laryngeal elevation exercises. In the experimental group, laryngeal elevation exercises were combined with additional game-based biofeedback. Main Outcome Measures Outcomes assessed before and after interventions included hyoid bone displacement, Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) scores, and nasogastric (NG) tube removal rate. Results Intergroup analyses showed larger differences in hyoid bone displacement and FOIS scores (before and after treatment) in the experimental group than in the control group, with statistical significance (P = .007 and P = .014, respectively). Intergroup analyses showed that the hyoid bone displacement change and FOIS scores before and after treatment exhibited statistically significant improvement only in the experimental group (P = .002 and P = .004, respectively). In all, 8 of 10 patients (80%) in the experimental group and 2 of 10 patients (20%) in the control group discontinued NG tube insertion after therapy. Participation in the experimental group was associated with an increased probability of tube removal (odds ratio = 6.00; 95% confidence interval = 1.08-33.27, P = .009). Conclusions Laryngeal elevation training combined with game-based biofeedback augments the change in hyoid bone displacement and FOIS scores, and increases the NG tube removal rate in patients with poststroke dysphagia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-779
Number of pages7
JournalPM and R
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1

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Deglutition
Deglutition Disorders
Hyoid Bone
Exercise
Control Groups
Therapeutics
Tertiary Care Centers
Case-Control Studies
Stroke
Odds Ratio
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Confidence Intervals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Li, C. M., Wang, T. G., Lee, H. Y., Wang, H. P., Hsieh, S. H., Chou, M., & Chen, J-J. (2016). Swallowing Training Combined With Game-Based Biofeedback in Poststroke Dysphagia. PM and R, 8(8), 773-779. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.01.003
Li, Chih Ming ; Wang, Tyng Guey ; Lee, Hsiao Yu ; Wang, Hsueh Pei ; Hsieh, Shang Heng ; Chou, Michelle ; Chen, Jia-Jin. / Swallowing Training Combined With Game-Based Biofeedback in Poststroke Dysphagia. In: PM and R. 2016 ; Vol. 8, No. 8. pp. 773-779.
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abstract = "Background For patients with dysphagia due to stroke, in addition to compensatory strategies, exercises are used to help improve motor function. Biofeedback is used in neuromuscular training and is promising for swallowing training. Objective To evaluate the functional value of game-based biofeedback in swallowing therapy for patients with poststroke dysphagia. Design A case-control study. Setting Academic tertiary hospital. Participants Subjects with poststroke dysphagia (n = 20) were individually matched to 2 separate groups, a game-based biofeedback group (n = 10) or a control group (n = 10), for age, gender, duration of dysphagia, and dysphagia grades. Interventions Each participant underwent 1-hour sessions 3 times per week for a total of 16 treatment sessions. Each session included a 30-minute session of traditional swallow treatment and a 30-minute session of laryngeal elevation exercises. In the experimental group, laryngeal elevation exercises were combined with additional game-based biofeedback. Main Outcome Measures Outcomes assessed before and after interventions included hyoid bone displacement, Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) scores, and nasogastric (NG) tube removal rate. Results Intergroup analyses showed larger differences in hyoid bone displacement and FOIS scores (before and after treatment) in the experimental group than in the control group, with statistical significance (P = .007 and P = .014, respectively). Intergroup analyses showed that the hyoid bone displacement change and FOIS scores before and after treatment exhibited statistically significant improvement only in the experimental group (P = .002 and P = .004, respectively). In all, 8 of 10 patients (80{\%}) in the experimental group and 2 of 10 patients (20{\%}) in the control group discontinued NG tube insertion after therapy. Participation in the experimental group was associated with an increased probability of tube removal (odds ratio = 6.00; 95{\%} confidence interval = 1.08-33.27, P = .009). Conclusions Laryngeal elevation training combined with game-based biofeedback augments the change in hyoid bone displacement and FOIS scores, and increases the NG tube removal rate in patients with poststroke dysphagia.",
author = "Li, {Chih Ming} and Wang, {Tyng Guey} and Lee, {Hsiao Yu} and Wang, {Hsueh Pei} and Hsieh, {Shang Heng} and Michelle Chou and Jia-Jin Chen",
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Li, CM, Wang, TG, Lee, HY, Wang, HP, Hsieh, SH, Chou, M & Chen, J-J 2016, 'Swallowing Training Combined With Game-Based Biofeedback in Poststroke Dysphagia', PM and R, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 773-779. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.01.003

Swallowing Training Combined With Game-Based Biofeedback in Poststroke Dysphagia. / Li, Chih Ming; Wang, Tyng Guey; Lee, Hsiao Yu; Wang, Hsueh Pei; Hsieh, Shang Heng; Chou, Michelle; Chen, Jia-Jin.

In: PM and R, Vol. 8, No. 8, 01.08.2016, p. 773-779.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Swallowing Training Combined With Game-Based Biofeedback in Poststroke Dysphagia

AU - Li, Chih Ming

AU - Wang, Tyng Guey

AU - Lee, Hsiao Yu

AU - Wang, Hsueh Pei

AU - Hsieh, Shang Heng

AU - Chou, Michelle

AU - Chen, Jia-Jin

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - Background For patients with dysphagia due to stroke, in addition to compensatory strategies, exercises are used to help improve motor function. Biofeedback is used in neuromuscular training and is promising for swallowing training. Objective To evaluate the functional value of game-based biofeedback in swallowing therapy for patients with poststroke dysphagia. Design A case-control study. Setting Academic tertiary hospital. Participants Subjects with poststroke dysphagia (n = 20) were individually matched to 2 separate groups, a game-based biofeedback group (n = 10) or a control group (n = 10), for age, gender, duration of dysphagia, and dysphagia grades. Interventions Each participant underwent 1-hour sessions 3 times per week for a total of 16 treatment sessions. Each session included a 30-minute session of traditional swallow treatment and a 30-minute session of laryngeal elevation exercises. In the experimental group, laryngeal elevation exercises were combined with additional game-based biofeedback. Main Outcome Measures Outcomes assessed before and after interventions included hyoid bone displacement, Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) scores, and nasogastric (NG) tube removal rate. Results Intergroup analyses showed larger differences in hyoid bone displacement and FOIS scores (before and after treatment) in the experimental group than in the control group, with statistical significance (P = .007 and P = .014, respectively). Intergroup analyses showed that the hyoid bone displacement change and FOIS scores before and after treatment exhibited statistically significant improvement only in the experimental group (P = .002 and P = .004, respectively). In all, 8 of 10 patients (80%) in the experimental group and 2 of 10 patients (20%) in the control group discontinued NG tube insertion after therapy. Participation in the experimental group was associated with an increased probability of tube removal (odds ratio = 6.00; 95% confidence interval = 1.08-33.27, P = .009). Conclusions Laryngeal elevation training combined with game-based biofeedback augments the change in hyoid bone displacement and FOIS scores, and increases the NG tube removal rate in patients with poststroke dysphagia.

AB - Background For patients with dysphagia due to stroke, in addition to compensatory strategies, exercises are used to help improve motor function. Biofeedback is used in neuromuscular training and is promising for swallowing training. Objective To evaluate the functional value of game-based biofeedback in swallowing therapy for patients with poststroke dysphagia. Design A case-control study. Setting Academic tertiary hospital. Participants Subjects with poststroke dysphagia (n = 20) were individually matched to 2 separate groups, a game-based biofeedback group (n = 10) or a control group (n = 10), for age, gender, duration of dysphagia, and dysphagia grades. Interventions Each participant underwent 1-hour sessions 3 times per week for a total of 16 treatment sessions. Each session included a 30-minute session of traditional swallow treatment and a 30-minute session of laryngeal elevation exercises. In the experimental group, laryngeal elevation exercises were combined with additional game-based biofeedback. Main Outcome Measures Outcomes assessed before and after interventions included hyoid bone displacement, Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) scores, and nasogastric (NG) tube removal rate. Results Intergroup analyses showed larger differences in hyoid bone displacement and FOIS scores (before and after treatment) in the experimental group than in the control group, with statistical significance (P = .007 and P = .014, respectively). Intergroup analyses showed that the hyoid bone displacement change and FOIS scores before and after treatment exhibited statistically significant improvement only in the experimental group (P = .002 and P = .004, respectively). In all, 8 of 10 patients (80%) in the experimental group and 2 of 10 patients (20%) in the control group discontinued NG tube insertion after therapy. Participation in the experimental group was associated with an increased probability of tube removal (odds ratio = 6.00; 95% confidence interval = 1.08-33.27, P = .009). Conclusions Laryngeal elevation training combined with game-based biofeedback augments the change in hyoid bone displacement and FOIS scores, and increases the NG tube removal rate in patients with poststroke dysphagia.

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