Objectives: Real-world experience with coformulated bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF) is sparse as a switch regimen among people living with HIV (PLWH) having achieved viral suppression after previous virologic failures with the emergence of K65N/R. Methods: In this retrospective study, PLWH aged ≥20 years who had previous virologic failures with emergent K65N/R were included for switching to BIC/FTC/TAF after having achieved plasma HIV RNA load (PVL) <200 copies/ml for ≥3 months. PLWH were excluded if integrase inhibitor resistance-associated mutations were detected. The primary end point was losing virologic control (PVL >50 copies/ml) at week 48 using a modified US Food and Drug Administration snapshot algorithm. Results: A total of 72 PLWH with K65N/R who switched to BIC/FTC/TAF were identified. A total of 42 (59.7%) had concurrent M184V/I, and 9 (12.5%) had ≥1 thymidine analog mutations. The median duration of viral suppression was 4.7 years (interquartile range 2.3-5.8), and 97.2% (n = 70) had PVL <50 copies/ml before switching. After a median observation of 98.6 weeks (interquartile range 77.9-120.3), 94.4% (n = 68) continued BIC/FTC/TAF. At week 48, the rate of losing virologic control was 2.8% (2/72). M184V/I was not associated with viral rebound. Conclusion: Despite the emergence of K65N/R +/- M184V/I after virologic failures, BIC/FTC/TAF could be an option for simplification after viral suppression.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases