Syntheses and Phase Equilibria of Oxide Compounds and Solid Solutions Based on Rare Earth Oxides

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Abstract

The formation and phase stability of the intermediate compounds and solid solutions in binary systems R2C>3-other oxides (R = Rare earth) were reviewed and discussed from the ionic point of view: ionic scale parameter of field strength, lattice energy and site self-potentials in every sublattices. The intermediate compounds and their phase relations were summarized in the series of systems R2O3-WO3. Equilibrium phase diagrams for La2C>3, NdgOa and Y2O3 were revised from previously reported ones. In fluorite-related phases of RaTaO?, the smaller R ions led to the formation of the more disordered and higher symmetric phases. The phase diagrams of the solid solutions in the systems ZrC>2-Ce023 01-Y2O3, were also reviewed from the point of view of stable aud metastable equilibria. The metastability seems to be caused by extremely slow diffusion of cation and fast diffusion of anion, and by martensitic phase transformation, in the fluorite-related phases. The formation and stability of high-valence state of cations in the B-site of the perovskite lattice ABO3 were explained by the contribution of deep site self-potential at the B-site in this perovskite lattice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-430
Number of pages10
JournalFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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