The environment is affected by agricultural, domestic, and industrial activities that lead to drastic problems such as global warming and wastewater generation. Wastewater pollution is of public concern, making the treatment of persistent pollutants in water and wastewater highly imperative. Several conventional treatment technologies (physicochemical processes, biological degradation, and oxidative processes) have been applied to water and wastewater remediation, but each has numerous limitations. To address this issue, treatment using bimetallic systems has been extensively studied. This study reviews existing research on various synthesis methods for the preparation of bimetallic catalysts and their catalytic application to the treatment of organic (dyes, phenol and its derivatives, and chlorinated organic compounds) and inorganic pollutants (nitrate and hexavalent chromium) from water and wastewater. The reaction mechanisms, removal efficiencies, operating conditions, and research progress are also presented. The results reveal that Fe-based bimetallic catalysts are one of the most efficient heterogeneous catalysts for the treatment of organic and inorganic contamination. Furthermore, the roles and performances of bimetallic catalysts in the removal of these environmental contaminants are different.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- General Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis