Synthesis and characterization of bio-based benzoxazines derived from thymol

Yelda Ertas Dogan, Bekir Satilmis, Tamer Uyar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, bio-based benzoxazine resins were synthesized from bio-based phenolic compound; thymol, and three different amines; ethylamine, aniline and 1,6-diaminohexane, and paraformaldehyde by solvent-free condensation reaction. The chemical structures of bio-based benzoxazines; T-ea (thymol, ethylamine), T-a (thymol, aniline), and T-dh (thymol, 1,6-diaminohexane) were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and high-resolution mass spectrometry. The curing studies of T-ea, T-a, and T-dh bio-based benzoxazines were performed by stepwise thermal treatment at 150, 175, 200, 225, and 250C. The polymerization (ring-opening and crosslinking reactions) of T-ea, T-a, and T-dh bio-based benzoxazines was investigated by FTIR spectroscopy. Cure analysis was conducted using differential scanning calorimetry and the changes in thermal properties of the T-ea, T-a, and T-dh bio-based benzoxazine resins and their corresponding thermally crosslinked polybenzoxazines PT-ea, PT-a, and PT-dh were studied by thermogravimetric analyzer. The results indicated that all the thymol-based polybenzoxazines have shown enhanced thermal stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number47371
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 5

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis and characterization of bio-based benzoxazines derived from thymol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this