To investigate the steric effects of chiral menthyl groups on the induction of cholesteric liquid crystals and the sensitivity of the photoisomerizable azobenzene derivatives, a series of chiral monomers and a photoisomerizable chiral azobenzene derivative with various spacers end-capped with (-)-menthyl group were synthesized. The structures of the novel chiral compounds synthesized in this investigation were identified using 13C NMR, FTIR, and elemental analysis. The phase transition temperatures of the chiral compounds were investigated using X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and polarizing optical microscopy. The thermogravimetric characteristics, the glass-transition temperatures (Tg) and the weight-average molecular weights (Mw) of the homopolymers were also evaluated. Polymers containing chiral menthyl groups with a biphenyl segment were found to reveal high thermal resistance. However, the existence of the steric hindered menthyl group disturbed the arrangement of chiral monomers leading to the disappearance of liquid crystal phases. The specific optical rotation of the synthesized monomers and polymers were also evaluated. The effect of the synthesized chiral compounds, monomers and photoisomerizable azobenzene derivative on the induction of the cholesteric liquid crystal films was investigated. The morphological network structure of the polymer matrix inside a liquid crystal cell was studied using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The phototuning ability of the AzoM on the cholesteric liquid crystals was also established.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry