Synthesis and characterization of silicon oxide nanoparticles using an atmospheric DC plasma torch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An atmospheric pressure DC plasma torch reactor was employed using Hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) and oxygen reactants in nitrogen carrier gas to produce silicon oxide nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates with the diameters in the ranges of 8–14 nm and 130–260 nm, respectively. The mean sizes of primary nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates as well as their surface properties are studied by varying the process conditions. In general the mean sizes of primary nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates decrease with the increase of the plasma torch power, the increase of the oxygen concentration, and the decrease of the HMDSO concentration. Under those conditions, the more completely-oxidized silicon oxide clusters are formed and aggregate into the compact, densely-packed, and small-size primary silicon oxide nanoparticles, which further agglomerate into the densely-packed, small nanoparticle agglomerates. The hydrophilic and white nanoparticle powder with a low BET surface area can be thus obtained. Under the opposite processing conditions, the loosely-packed, low density and large-size carbon-containing silicon oxide nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates can be obtained with hydrophobic surface, high BET surface areas, and gray color.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-229
Number of pages10
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

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Plasma torches
Silicon oxides
Nanoparticles
Oxygen
Powders
Atmospheric pressure
Surface properties
Nitrogen
Carbon
Gases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

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title = "Synthesis and characterization of silicon oxide nanoparticles using an atmospheric DC plasma torch",
abstract = "An atmospheric pressure DC plasma torch reactor was employed using Hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) and oxygen reactants in nitrogen carrier gas to produce silicon oxide nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates with the diameters in the ranges of 8–14 nm and 130–260 nm, respectively. The mean sizes of primary nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates as well as their surface properties are studied by varying the process conditions. In general the mean sizes of primary nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates decrease with the increase of the plasma torch power, the increase of the oxygen concentration, and the decrease of the HMDSO concentration. Under those conditions, the more completely-oxidized silicon oxide clusters are formed and aggregate into the compact, densely-packed, and small-size primary silicon oxide nanoparticles, which further agglomerate into the densely-packed, small nanoparticle agglomerates. The hydrophilic and white nanoparticle powder with a low BET surface area can be thus obtained. Under the opposite processing conditions, the loosely-packed, low density and large-size carbon-containing silicon oxide nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates can be obtained with hydrophobic surface, high BET surface areas, and gray color.",
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Synthesis and characterization of silicon oxide nanoparticles using an atmospheric DC plasma torch. / Hong, Franklin Chau-Nan; Yan, Cyun Jhe.

In: Advanced Powder Technology, Vol. 29, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 220-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - An atmospheric pressure DC plasma torch reactor was employed using Hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) and oxygen reactants in nitrogen carrier gas to produce silicon oxide nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates with the diameters in the ranges of 8–14 nm and 130–260 nm, respectively. The mean sizes of primary nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates as well as their surface properties are studied by varying the process conditions. In general the mean sizes of primary nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates decrease with the increase of the plasma torch power, the increase of the oxygen concentration, and the decrease of the HMDSO concentration. Under those conditions, the more completely-oxidized silicon oxide clusters are formed and aggregate into the compact, densely-packed, and small-size primary silicon oxide nanoparticles, which further agglomerate into the densely-packed, small nanoparticle agglomerates. The hydrophilic and white nanoparticle powder with a low BET surface area can be thus obtained. Under the opposite processing conditions, the loosely-packed, low density and large-size carbon-containing silicon oxide nanoparticles and nanoparticle agglomerates can be obtained with hydrophobic surface, high BET surface areas, and gray color.

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