CHM-1 [2-(2-fluorophenyl)-6,7-methylenedioxyquinolin-4-one] (1) has a unique antitumor mechanism of action. However, because 1 has relatively low hydrophilicity, it was evaluated only via ip administration, which is not clinically acceptable. In this study, we synthesized the monosodium phosphate salt (CHM-1 -P-Na, 4) of 1 as a hydrophilic prodrug. Compound 4 was rapidly converted into 1 following iv and po administration and also possessed excellent antitumor activity in a SKOV-3 xenograft nude mice model. Compound 4 also had clear-cut pharmacological effects on enzymes related with tumor cells. Neither 4 nor 1 significantly affected, normal biological function in a safety pharmacology profiling study. Compound 1 caused apoptotic effects in breast carcinoma cells via accumulation of cyclin Bl, and importantly, the endogenous levels of the mitotic spindle checkpoint, proteins BubRl directly correlated with cellular response to microtubule disruption. With, excellent antitumor activity profiles, 4 is highly promising for development as an anticancer clinical trials candidate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery