Synthesis of cobalt oxide thin films in the presence of various anions and their application for the detection of acetaminophen

Chung Wei Kung, Chia Yu Lin, R. Vittal, Kuo Chuan Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Cobalt oxide (Co3O4) modified electrode was prepared by growing layered cobalt carbonate hydroxide (LCCH) on a conducting glass using chemical bath deposition (CBD) and then by transforming the LCCH into Co 3O4 through pyrolysis. Cobalt sources with four different anions, i.e., cobalt chloride, cobalt nitrate, cobalt acetate, and cobalt sulfate, were used in CBD to obtain the films of LCCH. The composition and grain size of these films were verified by X-ray diffraction; their morphologies were examined by scanning and transmission electron microscopic images. Four distinctly different nanostructures of Co3O4 films, including straight acicular nanorods, bending acicular nanorods, nanosheets, and net-shaped nanosheets, were obtained only by changing the anions of the cobalt sources used in CBD. The electrodes with these films were used as sensors to detect acetaminophen (AP). Electrochemical impedance spectra were used to discuss the effect of morphology of the film on its electrocatalytic activity. The amperometric sensor toward AP, using the film of Co3O4 straight acicular nanorods, achieved a remarkable linear range of 10-6000 μM, a high sensitivity of 223.6 μA cm-2 mM-1, and a detection limit of 1.18 μM. The Co3O4 sensor was also used to detect AP in commercial tablets and cold powders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-438
Number of pages10
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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