We researched the structural effect of titania photocatalysts on the yield of hydrogen gas from water splitting. We synthesized mesoporous titania thin films (MTTFs) with two different structures (that is, pillar structure and tube structure, denoted as P-MTTFs and T-MTTFs, respectively) through an evaporation-induced self-assembling (EISA) process with the presence of a surfactant as a structure-directing agent. The synthesized MTTFs were carefully characterized with X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and UV-Vis spectra. After analysis of photocurrent and hydrogen generation, we concluded that with different structures, MTTFs generate photocurrents and hydrogen with different efficiencies. The results indicated that the T-MTTF had a higher net current (i.e., 1.05. E-3. eV) than the P-MTTF (i.e., 1.04. E-3. eV). However, the yield of hydrogen from T-MTTFs (i.e., 17.5 μmol) was lower than that of P-MTTFs (i.e., 37.5 μmol). Tube structure induced a concentration gradient of NaOH, which restrained the generation of oxygen and hydrogen.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law