Synthesis of polyurethane elastomers hypercross-linked by partially hydrated polyhydroxylated C60

Lee Y. Wang, Jung Sheng Wu, Sheng Mao Tseng, Chang Shu Kuo, Kuo Huang Hsieh, Wen Bin Liau, Long Y. Chiang

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Utilization of polyhydroxylated C60 (fullerenols) in a condensation reaction with diisocyanated oligo(tetramethylene oxide) led to the successful fabrication of elastomeric poly(urethane-ether) networks. These polymer networks exhibit interesting thermal behavior at low temperatures, improved tensile strength and elongation at ambient temperatures, and enhanced thermal mechanical stability at high temperatures, as compared with those of the parent linear polyurethane analogues; or with the conventional oligo (tetramethylene oxide)-derived polyurethane elastomers cross-linked by trihydroxylated reagents (1,1,1-trismethylol propane) or tetrahydroxylated reagents (pentaerythritol). The presence of a limited quantity of water molecules in the condensation reaction of fullerenols with diisocyanated prepolymers modified the physical properties of the resulting elastomeric products with a notable increase in tensile strength, modulus, and Tg over those of elasotmers prepared under anhydrous conditions. These water molecules contributed effectively to the increase of the number of cross-linking centers during the reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Polymer Research
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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