In this paper, we performed a physical mixture of PEO and PF polymers (i.e. a polymer blend) as an organic template for synthesizing PF-PEO-silica homogeneous composites in a dilute silicate solution at pH = 4.0-5.0. The PF-PEO-silica composites exhibit spherical morphology, in micrometer dimension, and the sphere size is dependent on the pH value of the solution. After undergoing calcination to remove the organic part of the PF-PEO-silica composites with and without the hydrothermal treatment, porous silica spheres of different pore sizes were obtained. Due to the existence of the carbonizing PF polymer in the PF-PEO-silica composite, porous carbon spheres can be conveniently obtained from pyrolysis of the PF-PEO-silica composites under a N 2 atmosphere and HF-etching procedures. TEM images demonstrate that the mesostructures of the mesoporous silica and porous carbons are disordered.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering