In this study, we report the synthesis, properties, and electrical memory characteristics of new diblock copolymers, polystyrene-block-poly(styrene- pyrene) (PS-b-P(St-Py)), prepared by combining atom transfer radical polymerization and Suzuki coupling reaction. The effects of the St-Py block chain length on the electronic energy level, photophysical properties, and memory characteristics were explored. The PS 42-b-P(St-Py) 108 and PS 66-b-P(St-Py) 67 devices exhibited a dynamic random access memory characteristics with different turn-on threshold voltages of -2.7 and -3.1 V, respectively. Moreover, these memory devices showed a high ON/OFF current ratio of 10 9 and were electrically stable for at least 10 4 s in both ON and OFF states. However, the PS 113-b-P(St-Py) 45-based device displayed an insulating state in a low current variation of 10 -12 to 10 -14 A, which had a short St-Py block length. The mechanism of the switching behavior was explained by the charge hopping conduction between the pyrene units with coexisting charge-trapping environment. The volatility of the memory effect was depended on the ability of charge trapping/back transferring of trapped charge. The present study suggested that the electrical memory characteristics could be efficiently tuned through the block ratio between insulating segment and pendant-conjugated segment of the diblock polymers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry