Synthetic regional flow duration curve for Southern Taiwan

Pao-Shan Yu, Tao Chang Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


The primary purpose of this study is to develop the regional flow duration curves for southern Taiwan. To define homogeneous regions for developing regional flow duration curves, multivariate statistical analysis (principal component and cluster analysis) was applied to daily flow data from 34 stream-gauged stations in southern Taiwan. Two kinds of . clustering variables, the dimensionless flow duration curve and specific flow duration curve, were compared in this study. It was found that three homogeneous regions delineated by specific flow duration curves as clustering variables have more reasonable results. The three homogeneous regions not only have well-defined geographical boundaries, but also correspond to the rainfall and geology characteristics of the regions. It seems that the technique of cluster analysis can reasonably define the homogeneous regions. In each homogeneous region, the synthetic regional flow duration curves were developed by a family of parametric duration curves. This approach has the advantage of being simple and needing only the basin area as an index. The performance of the regional flow duration curve was verified by the comparison of areas under the actual and synthetic flow duration curves; the latter were generated from the regional flow duration curve. Almost all the 34 stream-gauged stations had less than 25% absolute error.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-391
Number of pages19
JournalHydrological Processes
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology


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