Systemic administration of Salmonella to tumor-bearing mice leads to preferential accumulation within tumor sites and retardation of tumor growth. However, the detailed mechanism of Salmonella-induced antitumor immune response via host T cell remains uncertain. Herein, we used wild-type, CD4+ T-cell-deficient, and CD8+ T-cell-deficient mice to study the role of T cell in the antitumor immune responses induced by Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (Salmonella Choleraesuis). When systemically administered into mice bearing tumors, Salmonella Choleraesuis significantly inhibited tumor growth by 50%. In contrast, in T-cell-deficient mice, there was only 34-42% inhibition of tumor growth. We found that treatment with Salmonella Choleraesuis significantly upregulates interferon-γ in wild-type and CD8+ T-cell-deficient mice, but not in CD4+ T-cell-deficient mice. Furthermore, immunohistochemical staining of the tumors revealed more infiltration of macrophages and neutrophils in wild-type mice after Salmonella Choleraesuis treatment compared with those in T-cell-deficient mice. The antitumor therapeutic effect mediated by Salmonella Choleraesuis is associated with an inflammatory immune response at the tumor site and a tumor T helper 1-type immune response. In conclusion, these results suggest that tumor-targeted therapy using Salmonella Choleraesuis, which exerts tumoricidal effects and stimulates T cell activities, represents a potential strategy for the treatment of tumor.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology