Tailoring exchange couplings in magnetic topological-insulator/antiferromagnet heterostructures

Qing Lin He, Xufeng Kou, Alexander J. Grutter, Gen Yin, Lei Pan, Xiaoyu Che, Yuxiang Liu, Tianxiao Nie, Bin Zhang, Steven M. Disseler, Brian J. Kirby, William Ratcliff, Qiming Shao, Koichi Murata, Xiaodan Zhu, Guoqiang Yu, Yabin Fan, Mohammad Montazeri, Xiaodong Han, Julie A. BorchersKang L. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetic topological insulators such as Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2 Te3 provide a platform for the realization of versatile time-reversal symmetry-breaking physics. By constructing heterostructures exhibiting Néel order in an antiferromagnetic CrSb and ferromagnetic order in Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)2 Te3, we realize emergent interfacial magnetic phenomena which can be tailored through artificial structural engineering. Through deliberate geometrical design of heterostructures and superlattices, we demonstrate the use of antiferromagnetic exchange coupling in manipulating the magnetic properties of magnetic topological insulators. Proximity effects are shown to induce an interfacial spin texture modulation and establish an effective long-range exchange coupling mediated by antiferromagnetism, which significantly enhances the magnetic ordering temperature in the superlattice. This work provides a new framework on integrating topological insulators with antiferromagnetic materials and unveils new avenues towards dissipationless topological antiferromagnetic spintronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-100
Number of pages7
JournalNature Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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