Tandem mass spectrometry of laser-reduced anthraquinones for painted works and dyed cultural artifacts

Michael P. Napolitano, Ping Chung Kuo, Jodie V. Johnson, Julie Arslanoglu, Richard A. Yost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The peculiar ionization of anthraquinones, including the artistic dyes alizarin and purpurin, is examined. When alizarin (MW = 240) is ionized by either LDI or MALDI it exhibits a dominant ion of m/z 242 [M + 2H][rad]+ with a far greater abundance than expected from the 13C isotopic contribution from the [M + H]+ ion at m/z 241. For the first time, MS/MS analysis of these anomalous [M + 2H][rad]+ ions is presented, which indicates that they arise from a laser-induced photoreduction of one of the anthraquinone's carbonyl groups. MS/MS daughter ions produced from neutral losses of either water or ammonia from the [M + 2H][rad]+ ions exhibit different relative abundances, depending upon their respective functional groups’ proximity to the reduced carbonyl. LDI-MS/MS was used for the in situ detection of alizarin in a painting cross section and a swatch of dyed silk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-24
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Volume421
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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