Tectonic affinities of accreted basalts provide constraints on mass transport in convergent boundaries, improving our understandings on the evolution of regional geology. In this study, nineteen accreted basalts from the southernmost tip of Taiwan Island, which is on the convergent boundary between the Eurasian and Philippine Sea Plates, were analyzed for element concentrations as well as Sr, Nd, Hf, and Pb isotope ratios to investigate their tectonic affinities. All the samples contain > 3% LOI, reflecting post-magmatic alteration. LOI and Nb variation diagrams together with comparisons to oceanic basalt compositions indicated that the concentrations of most major elements and Rb, Sr, and Ba were modified by post-magmatic processes to varying extents, while P2O5, REE and HFSE remained immobile. Although some samples show Pb loss, most samples have Pb concentrations not affected by post-magmatic processes. Isotope ratios of Pb, Nd and Hf, generally reflect the mantle source characteristics. The εNd–εHf relationship and trace element abundance ratios indicated that the LREE-depleted samples were mostly scraped off the subducting South China Sea floor, reflecting the volumetric dominance of N-MORB on ocean floors. The overriding Philippine Sea Plate contributed both N-MORB and E-MORB to the accretionary prism. The tectonic affinities of the LREE-enriched samples, however, could not be unambiguously determined for the large geochemical variability of OIB from both subducting and overlying slabs. Based on our results, it is proposed that the tectonic affinity of the basalts in an accretionary prism can indicate the subduction polarity of the associated convergent boundary, providing a constraint for regional geology evolution.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth-Surface Processes