Upper-critical-solution-temperature (UCST) behavior in a ternary blend of poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide), poly(4-methyl styrene), and polystyrene is reported. The as-cast ternary blend is immiscible at ambient conditions and comprises two different phases, and, however, turns into a miscible system above the "clarity point" ranging from 160 to 300 °C for different ternary compositions. The maximum clarity point is labeled as the UCST for the ternary system, which is about 295 °C. Above the clarity point, the originally immiscible ternary blend turned into one miscible phase. Owing to the thermodynamic UCST behavior and kinetic hindrance, the immiscible ternary polymer blend can be locked into a pseudo-miscible state if it is heated to a temperature above the clarity point followed by a rapid-cooling processing scheme. The quenched ternary blend can remain in a pseudo-miscible state as long as the service temperature does not exceed the glass-transition temperature of the blend.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry