Terror management among Taiwanese

Worldview defence or resigning to fate?

Chih Long Yen, Chung-Ping Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Terror management theory (TMT) proposes that people who are reminded of their mortality should be motivated to defend their cultural worldview. Studies 1 and 2 examined whether the TMT worldview defence-buffering effect found in Western cultures could be generalized to Asians in Taiwan. No such effect was found in the present studies. This non-significant result was robust when either a stronger distraction task was used (study 1) or when a subliminal manipulation of mortality salience was utilized (study 2). A meta-analysis, including 24 TMT experiments in East Asia, was also conducted (study 3). The average effect size (d = 0.11, r = 0.055) of worldview defence among these experiments was not significantly different from zero. Study 4 found that mortality salience manipulation also did not change Taiwanese participants' view of reincarnation; however, it did make them more inclined to resign to fate, suggesting that they might be using this symbolic means to defend their anxiety of death. The issue of the generality of TMT to Asians was discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-194
Number of pages10
JournalAsian Journal of Social Psychology
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep 1

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worldview
terrorism
mortality
Mortality
management
manipulation
Far East
Taiwan
Meta-Analysis
experiment
Anxiety
anxiety
death

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Terror management theory (TMT) proposes that people who are reminded of their mortality should be motivated to defend their cultural worldview. Studies 1 and 2 examined whether the TMT worldview defence-buffering effect found in Western cultures could be generalized to Asians in Taiwan. No such effect was found in the present studies. This non-significant result was robust when either a stronger distraction task was used (study 1) or when a subliminal manipulation of mortality salience was utilized (study 2). A meta-analysis, including 24 TMT experiments in East Asia, was also conducted (study 3). The average effect size (d = 0.11, r = 0.055) of worldview defence among these experiments was not significantly different from zero. Study 4 found that mortality salience manipulation also did not change Taiwanese participants' view of reincarnation; however, it did make them more inclined to resign to fate, suggesting that they might be using this symbolic means to defend their anxiety of death. The issue of the generality of TMT to Asians was discussed.",
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Terror management among Taiwanese : Worldview defence or resigning to fate? / Yen, Chih Long; Cheng, Chung-Ping.

In: Asian Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 13, No. 3, 01.09.2010, p. 185-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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