The ALDH2 and DRD2/ANKK1 genes interacted in bipolar II but not bipolar i disorder

Sheng Yu Lee, Shiou Lan Chen, Yun Hsuan Chang, Shih Heng Chen, Chun Hsieh Chu, San Yuan Huang, Nian Sheng Tzeng, Chen Lin Wang, I. Hui Lee, Tzung Lieh Yeh, Yen Kuang Yang, Ru Band Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


AIM: Clarifying the association between bipolar I and bipolar II, the two most common subtypes of bipolar disorder, at the genetic level is essential for improving our understanding of these disorders. The dopaminergic system has been implicated in the pathogenesis of bipolar disorder. It may be important to investigate genes involved in metabolizing dopamine and encoding dopamine receptors, such as the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) and dopamine D2 receptor/ankyrin repeat and kinase domain containing 1 (DRD2/ANKK1) genes. We examined the association of the ALDH2 and DRD2/ANKK1 Taq IA polymorphisms with bipolar I and II disorders and possible interactions between these genes. Methods: Seven hundred and fifty participants were recruited: 207 with bipolar I disorder, 277 with bipolar II disorder, and 266 healthy controls. The genotypes of the ALDH2 and DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA polymorphisms were determined using polymerase chain reactions plus restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results: Logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant interaction for the A1/A1 genotype of the DRD2/ANKK1 TaqIA, and the ALDH2*1*1 genotypes (P=0.009) could predict bipolar II patients compared with individuals without bipolar disorder. However, there was no association between the ALDH2 or DRD2/ANKK1 gene with neither bipolar I nor bipolar II disorder. Conclusion: Our findings may provide initial evidence that the ALDH2 and DRD2/ANKK1 genes interact in specific subtypes of bipolar disorders. Our findings also suggest a unique genetic distinction between bipolar I and bipolar II disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-506
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacogenetics and Genomics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Genetics(clinical)


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