The analgesia efficiency of ultrasmall magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in mice chronic inflammatory pain model

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Abstract

Few studies have investigated the effects of iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) on analgesia. We developed inflammatory pain models via complete Freund's adjuvant injection over the hind paw in CD1 mice. Various doses of magnetite (Fe3O4) NPs were injected into the paw. Analgesia behavior was checked with von Frey microfilament and thermal irradiation measurements. Paw skin tissues were harvested at the maximal analgesia time point. The presence of activated white cells (CD68, myeloperoxidase) and free radical (reactive oxygen species, ROS) production was also checked. Western blotting was used to identify the changes of ROS production enzymes. Fe3O4 NPs demonstrated a dose-related analgesia effect with significant reduction in inflammatory cells, pro-inflammatory markers, and ROS production in the lesion paw. ROS production enzyme expression also declined. The results indicate that local Fe3O4 NP administration induced significant analgesia via attenuation of inflammatory cell infiltration and pro-inflammatory signaling as well as scavenging of microenvironment free radicals in a mouse inflammatory pain model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1975-1981
Number of pages7
JournalNanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

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Iron oxides
Chronic Pain
Nanoparticles
Analgesia
Reactive Oxygen Species
Oxygen
Free radicals
Free Radicals
Enzymes
Magnetite nanoparticles
Magnetite Nanoparticles
Freund's Adjuvant
Scavenging
Pain
Infiltration
Peroxidase
Skin
Actin Cytoskeleton
Irradiation
Tissue

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Few studies have investigated the effects of iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) on analgesia. We developed inflammatory pain models via complete Freund's adjuvant injection over the hind paw in CD1 mice. Various doses of magnetite (Fe3O4) NPs were injected into the paw. Analgesia behavior was checked with von Frey microfilament and thermal irradiation measurements. Paw skin tissues were harvested at the maximal analgesia time point. The presence of activated white cells (CD68, myeloperoxidase) and free radical (reactive oxygen species, ROS) production was also checked. Western blotting was used to identify the changes of ROS production enzymes. Fe3O4 NPs demonstrated a dose-related analgesia effect with significant reduction in inflammatory cells, pro-inflammatory markers, and ROS production in the lesion paw. ROS production enzyme expression also declined. The results indicate that local Fe3O4 NP administration induced significant analgesia via attenuation of inflammatory cell infiltration and pro-inflammatory signaling as well as scavenging of microenvironment free radicals in a mouse inflammatory pain model.",
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AU - Wu, Ping-Ching

AU - Hsiao, Hung-Tsung

AU - Lin, Ya Chi

AU - Shieh, Dar-Bin

AU - Liu, Yen-Chin

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AB - Few studies have investigated the effects of iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) on analgesia. We developed inflammatory pain models via complete Freund's adjuvant injection over the hind paw in CD1 mice. Various doses of magnetite (Fe3O4) NPs were injected into the paw. Analgesia behavior was checked with von Frey microfilament and thermal irradiation measurements. Paw skin tissues were harvested at the maximal analgesia time point. The presence of activated white cells (CD68, myeloperoxidase) and free radical (reactive oxygen species, ROS) production was also checked. Western blotting was used to identify the changes of ROS production enzymes. Fe3O4 NPs demonstrated a dose-related analgesia effect with significant reduction in inflammatory cells, pro-inflammatory markers, and ROS production in the lesion paw. ROS production enzyme expression also declined. The results indicate that local Fe3O4 NP administration induced significant analgesia via attenuation of inflammatory cell infiltration and pro-inflammatory signaling as well as scavenging of microenvironment free radicals in a mouse inflammatory pain model.

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