The Anti-bacterial and Anti-adherent Effects of Pentraxin-3 on Porcine Kidney Epithelial PK15 Cells Against Staphylococcus aureus Infection

Bao Hong Lee, Wei-Hsuan Hsu, Cheng Hui Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is a common zoonotic bacterium for disease in pigs and human and causes health problem. The aim of the study is to investigate the potential of soluble pathogenic recognition protein pentraxin-3 (PTX3) on inhibiting proliferation, adhesion, and infection of S. aureus in porcine kidney epithelial PK15 cells (PK15 cells). PTX3 suppressed the growth of S. aureus and avoided it adhering to PK15 cells. PTX3 treatment also attenuated cell apoptosis induced by S. aureus in PK15 cells. The results suggest that PTX3 is able to interfere with the bacterial pathogenesis via inhibiting the growth of S. aureus and decreasing their adhesion to cells. Hence, PTX3 may replace the use of antibiotics and develop as a novel anti-microbial agent for disease prevention in piglets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)645-652
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1

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Staphylococcus aureus
Swine
Adhesion
Epithelial Cells
Antimicrobial agents
Kidney
Antibiotics
Cell death
Medical problems
Infection
Bacteria
Proteins
Zoonoses
Growth
Anti-Infective Agents
Cell Adhesion
PTX3 protein
Apoptosis
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

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abstract = "Staphylococcus aureus is a common zoonotic bacterium for disease in pigs and human and causes health problem. The aim of the study is to investigate the potential of soluble pathogenic recognition protein pentraxin-3 (PTX3) on inhibiting proliferation, adhesion, and infection of S. aureus in porcine kidney epithelial PK15 cells (PK15 cells). PTX3 suppressed the growth of S. aureus and avoided it adhering to PK15 cells. PTX3 treatment also attenuated cell apoptosis induced by S. aureus in PK15 cells. The results suggest that PTX3 is able to interfere with the bacterial pathogenesis via inhibiting the growth of S. aureus and decreasing their adhesion to cells. Hence, PTX3 may replace the use of antibiotics and develop as a novel anti-microbial agent for disease prevention in piglets.",
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