The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties of the synthetic chalcone derivative AN07

Yih Fung Chen, Sheng Nan Wu, Jia Mao Gao, Zhi Yao Liao, Yu Ting Tseng, Ferenc Fülöp, Fang Rong Chang, Yi Ching Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chalcones belong to a class of biologically active polyphenolic natural products. As a result of their simple chemical nature, they are easily synthesized and show a variety of promising biological activities. 2-Hydroxy-40-methoxychalcone (AN07) is a synthetic chalcone derivate with potential anti-atherosclerosis effects. In this study, we demonstrated the novel antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects of AN07. In RAW 264.7 macrophages, AN07 attenuated lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced elevations in reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and oxidative stress via down-regulating gp91phox expression and stimulating the antioxidant system of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) pathways, which were accompanied by increased glutathione (GSH) levels. Additionally, AN07 attenuated LPS-induced inflammatory factors, including NO, inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and phosphorylated inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B-alpha (p-IκBα) in RAW 264.7 macrophages. However, the effects of AN07 on promoting nuclear Nrf2 levels and decreasing COX-2 expressions were significantly abrogated by the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) antagonist GW9662. In human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells treated with or without methylglyoxal (MG), a toxic endogenous by-product of glycolysis, AN07 up-regulated neurotrophic signals including insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R), p-Akt, p-GSK3β, glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R), and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). AN07 attenuated MG-induced apoptosis by up-regulating the B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein and down-regulating the cytosolic expression of cytochrome c. AN07 also attenuated MG-induced neurite damage via down-regulating the Rho-associated protein kinase 2 (ROCK2)/phosphorylated LIM kinase 1 (p-LIMK1) pathway. Moreover, AN07 ameliorated the MG-induced down-regulation of neuroprotective Parkinsonism-associated proteins parkin, pink1, and DJ-1. These findings suggest that AN07 possesses the potentials to be an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and neuroprotective agent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number25122907
JournalMolecules
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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