The apparent emotion rating instrument: Assessing affect in cognitively impaired elders

Mariah Snyder, Muriel B. Ryden, Patricia Shaver, Jing-Jy Wang, Kay Savik, Cynthia R. Gross, Valinda Pearson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Assessing affect in cognitively impaired elders is difficult. A number of instruments have been developed to measure single emotions or more broad aspects of well-being. The Apparent Emotion Rating (AER) scale is an observational instrument that measures the presence or absence of three positive (pleasure, interest, and tranquility) and three negative emotions (anger, anxiety, and sadness). Interrater percentage of agreement ranged from 82% for anxiety to 100% for interest. A weak, but statistically significant correlation (r = .303, p = .000) was found with the Philadelphia Geriatric Morale Scale (Lawton, 1975). Elders with greater cognitive impairment had lower AER scores than did persons with higher scores. The AER is a promising tool for providing reliable and valid observational data about mood state, particularly in persons unable to respond to a self-report measure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-29
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Gerontologist
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Apr 27

Fingerprint

Emotions
emotion
rating
Anxiety
anxiety
Morale
Pleasure
human being
Anger
geriatrics
rating scale
anger
Geriatrics
mood
Self Report
well-being

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Snyder, Mariah ; Ryden, Muriel B. ; Shaver, Patricia ; Wang, Jing-Jy ; Savik, Kay ; Gross, Cynthia R. ; Pearson, Valinda. / The apparent emotion rating instrument : Assessing affect in cognitively impaired elders. In: Clinical Gerontologist. 1998 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 17-29.
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Snyder, M, Ryden, MB, Shaver, P, Wang, J-J, Savik, K, Gross, CR & Pearson, V 1998, 'The apparent emotion rating instrument: Assessing affect in cognitively impaired elders', Clinical Gerontologist, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 17-29. https://doi.org/10.1300/J018v18n04_03

The apparent emotion rating instrument : Assessing affect in cognitively impaired elders. / Snyder, Mariah; Ryden, Muriel B.; Shaver, Patricia; Wang, Jing-Jy; Savik, Kay; Gross, Cynthia R.; Pearson, Valinda.

In: Clinical Gerontologist, Vol. 18, No. 4, 27.04.1998, p. 17-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Savik, Kay

AU - Gross, Cynthia R.

AU - Pearson, Valinda

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