In this article the kinetics of chemical‐controlled radical‐chain copolymerization have been reduced to pseudohomopolymerization kinetics by introducing the apparent rate constants, The methods for the determinations of the values of the apparent rate constants, mode of termination, and the methods for the calculation of molecular weights and distributions are proposed. The data required for these determinations and calculations are simply obtained by the usual steady‐state method. According to the traditional kinetics along with the definitions of the apparent rate constants, these apparent rate constants as functions of traditional rate constants, monomer compositions, and copolymer compositions are derived. Further utilizing the theoretical expressions obtained, we show that the apparent rate constants are the general rate constants for both radical chain homo‐ and copolymerizations. The bulk radical copolymerizations of methyl methacrylate and styrene at various monomer feed compositions at 60°C are used to test the proposed model. The empirical apparent rate constants obtained are described well, by the following expressions, (Formula Presented.) and (Formula Presented.) and the mode of termination on the combination termination is (Formula Presented.) where K aa and K ta denote the apparent rate constants of propagation and termination, respectively. The term f1(= 1 − f2) stands for the mole fraction of styrene in the monomer solution fed. F1 is the copolymer composition produced at f1. β is the mode of termination.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry