The association between plasma cholesterol and the effect of tryptophan depletion on heart rate variability

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Studies on the cholesterol-serotonin hypothesis and its link to mood disorders are scarce. In addition, little is known about the association between cholesterol and the effects of tryptophan depletion (TD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between plasma cholesterol and changes in heart rate variability (HRV), an important marker of depression and anxiety, after TD. The plasma cholesterol levels of 28 healthy participants were noted, and their HRVs were measured by spectrum analysis. TD was carried out on testing day, and participants provided blood samples just before and 5 hours for tryptophan level after TD. HRV was measured again after TD. An association was found between plasma cholesterol levels and the change in HRV. Decreased high frequency HRV was marginally associated with lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while increased low frequency HRV was significantly associated with lower levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Our findings indicate that low cholesterol levels may play parts of role in the mechanism of the deactivation of parasympathetic, and activation of sympathetic, functions induced by altered serotonergic function.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Tryptophan
Heart Rate
Cholesterol
Mood Disorders
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Spectrum Analysis
Serotonin
Healthy Volunteers
Anxiety
Depression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "The association between plasma cholesterol and the effect of tryptophan depletion on heart rate variability",
abstract = "Studies on the cholesterol-serotonin hypothesis and its link to mood disorders are scarce. In addition, little is known about the association between cholesterol and the effects of tryptophan depletion (TD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between plasma cholesterol and changes in heart rate variability (HRV), an important marker of depression and anxiety, after TD. The plasma cholesterol levels of 28 healthy participants were noted, and their HRVs were measured by spectrum analysis. TD was carried out on testing day, and participants provided blood samples just before and 5 hours for tryptophan level after TD. HRV was measured again after TD. An association was found between plasma cholesterol levels and the change in HRV. Decreased high frequency HRV was marginally associated with lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while increased low frequency HRV was significantly associated with lower levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Our findings indicate that low cholesterol levels may play parts of role in the mechanism of the deactivation of parasympathetic, and activation of sympathetic, functions induced by altered serotonergic function.",
author = "Lin, {Shih Hsien} and I-Hui Lee and Hsin-Chun Tsai and Mei-Hung Chi and Wei-Hung Chang and Po-See Chen and Kao-Ching Chen and Yen-Kuang Yang",
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language = "English",
journal = "Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences",
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T1 - The association between plasma cholesterol and the effect of tryptophan depletion on heart rate variability

AU - Lin, Shih Hsien

AU - Lee, I-Hui

AU - Tsai, Hsin-Chun

AU - Chi, Mei-Hung

AU - Chang, Wei-Hung

AU - Chen, Po-See

AU - Chen, Kao-Ching

AU - Yang, Yen-Kuang

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Studies on the cholesterol-serotonin hypothesis and its link to mood disorders are scarce. In addition, little is known about the association between cholesterol and the effects of tryptophan depletion (TD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between plasma cholesterol and changes in heart rate variability (HRV), an important marker of depression and anxiety, after TD. The plasma cholesterol levels of 28 healthy participants were noted, and their HRVs were measured by spectrum analysis. TD was carried out on testing day, and participants provided blood samples just before and 5 hours for tryptophan level after TD. HRV was measured again after TD. An association was found between plasma cholesterol levels and the change in HRV. Decreased high frequency HRV was marginally associated with lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while increased low frequency HRV was significantly associated with lower levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Our findings indicate that low cholesterol levels may play parts of role in the mechanism of the deactivation of parasympathetic, and activation of sympathetic, functions induced by altered serotonergic function.

AB - Studies on the cholesterol-serotonin hypothesis and its link to mood disorders are scarce. In addition, little is known about the association between cholesterol and the effects of tryptophan depletion (TD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between plasma cholesterol and changes in heart rate variability (HRV), an important marker of depression and anxiety, after TD. The plasma cholesterol levels of 28 healthy participants were noted, and their HRVs were measured by spectrum analysis. TD was carried out on testing day, and participants provided blood samples just before and 5 hours for tryptophan level after TD. HRV was measured again after TD. An association was found between plasma cholesterol levels and the change in HRV. Decreased high frequency HRV was marginally associated with lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, while increased low frequency HRV was significantly associated with lower levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Our findings indicate that low cholesterol levels may play parts of role in the mechanism of the deactivation of parasympathetic, and activation of sympathetic, functions induced by altered serotonergic function.

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