Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common cardiovascular complication that complicates clinical care in the intensive care of premature infants. Prenatal and postnatal infections and the inflammation process can contribute to PDA, and intrauterine inflammation is a known risk factor of PDA. A variety of inflammatory biomarkers have been reported to be associated with PDA. Chorioamnionitis induces the fetal inflammatory process via several cytokines that have been reported to be associated with the presence of PDA and may have a role in the vascular remodeling process or vessel dilation of the ductus. On the other hand, anti-inflammatory agents, such as antenatal steroids, decrease PDA incidence and severity in patients born to those with chorioamnionitis. Proinflammatory cytokines, which are expressed more significantly in preterm neonates and chorioamnionitis, are associated with the presence of PDA. In this review, we focus on the pathogenesis of PDA in preterm infants and the role of biomarkers associated with the perinatal inflammatory process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry