The design of an adaptive on-line binary arithmetic-coding chip

Shiann Rong Kuang, Jer Min Jou, Yuh Lin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we present a very large scale integration (VLSI) design of the adaptive binary arithmetic coding for lossless data compression and decompression. The main modules of it consist of an adaptive probability estimation modeler (APEM), an arithmetic operation unit (AOU), and a normalization unit (NU). A new bit-stuffing technique, which simultaneously solves both the carry-over and source-termination problems efficiently, is proposed and designed in an NU. The APEM estimates the conditional probabilities of input symbols efficiently using a table lookup approach with 1.28-kbytes memory. A new formula which efficiently reflects the change of symbols' occurring probability is proposed, and a complete binary tree is used to set up the values in the probability table of an APEM. In an AOU, a simplified parallel multiplier, which requires approximately half of the area of a standard parallel multiplier while maintaining a good compression ratio, is proposed. Owing to these novel designs, the designed chip can compress any type of data with an efficient compression ratio. An asynchronous interface circuit with an 8-b first-in first-out (FIFO) buffer for input/output (I/O) communication of the chip is also designed. Thus, both I/O and compression operations in the chip can be done simultaneously. Moreover, the concept of design for testability is used and a scan path is implemented in the chip. A prototype 0.8-jum chip has been designed and fabricated in a reasonable die size. This chip can yield a processing rate of 3 Mb/s with a clock rate of 25 MHz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-706
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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