The development and psychometric testing of East Asian Acculturation Scale among Asian immigrant women in Taiwan

Shu Fen Kuo, Wen Yin Chang, Lu I. Chang, Yu Hua Chou, Ching Min Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective. This is a report of development and psychometric testing of the East Asian Acculturation Measure-Chinese version (EAAM-C) scale. Design. An instrument validation design with a cross-sectional survey was conducted. The process was carried in two phases. In Phase 1, Barry's East Asian Acculturation Measure was translated and back translated to evaluate its content, face validity, and feasibility validity. In Phase 2, the 16-item EAAM-C was pilot-tested among 485 female immigrants for test-retest reliability, internal consistency, theoretically-supported construct validity and concurrent validity. Results. The pilot work and the survey results indicated the tools possessed adequate content and face validity. The Cronbach's Alphas for the EAAM-C was 0.72, and 0.76-0.79 for its subscales, and the correlation of test-retest reliability (at 3 weeks) was 0.75. After dropping one item, four theoretically-supported factors which explained 61.82% of the variance were abstracted using exploratory factor analysis: assimilation, integration, separation, and marginalization. Based on the underlying four-factor theoretical structures of the EAAM, the confirmatory factor analysis of the EAAM-C was further examined. The analysis revealed that the four-factor model was an acceptable fit for the data which demonstrated adequate finding in its construct validity. These factors were inter-correlated, and showed statistically significant correlation with the Chinese Health Questionnaire, indicating adequate concurrent validity. Conclusions. The scale shows acceptable validity and consistency, and suggests that immigrant acculturation is a complex construct. This quick evaluation instrument can be applied to assess clients acculturation and in further developing certain interventions to improve their health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-33
Number of pages16
JournalEthnicity and Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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