The development of ancient earthquake instruments

Hong Sen Yan, Kuo Hung Hsiao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper studies sensing element designs in ancient seismometers and describes the developments of ancient earthquake instruments. A basic seismograph comprises a seismometer, a recording system, and a timing system. The major difficulty in the development of a seismograph was the design of the seismometer. And, the break through was the use of a pendulum system as a sensing element that responded to ground motion and did not move with the ground. Early seismoscopes were primarily intended to determine that an earthquake had happened. The first seismoscope invented by Zhang Heng was Hou Feng Di Dong Yi made in ancient China around the year 132 AD. The truly successful seismographs were first designed and built in the 1880s by a group of British scientists in Japan. In 1906, Boris Galitzin developed a working electromagnetic seismograph with a great sensitivity. Finally, a comparison with the recording systems of ancient seismographs is concluded.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2006 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information In Engineering Conference, DETC2006
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Nov 29
Event2006 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information In Engineering Conference, DETC2006 - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: 2006 Sep 102006 Sep 13

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume2006

Other

Other2006 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information In Engineering Conference, DETC2006
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period06-09-1006-09-13

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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  • Cite this

    Yan, H. S., & Hsiao, K. H. (2006). The development of ancient earthquake instruments. In Proceedings of 2006 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information In Engineering Conference, DETC2006 (Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference; Vol. 2006).