The discordance between network excitability and cognitive performance following vigabatrin treatment during epileptogenesis

Ming Chi Lai, Chin Wei Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vigabatrin (VGB), a potent selective γ-aminobutyric acid transaminase (GABA-T) inhibitor, is an approved non-traditional anti-seizure drug for patients with intractable epilepsy. Nevertheless, its effect on epileptogenesis, and whether this effect is correlated with post-epileptogenic cognitive function remain unclear. Based on lithium-pilocarpine-induced seizure modeling, we evaluated the effect of VGB on epileptogenesis and neuronal damage following status epilepticus in Sprague– Dawley rats. Cognitive evaluations were performed with the aid of inhibitory avoidance testing. We found that VGB could interrupt epileptogenesis by reducing spontaneous recurrent seizures, hippocampal neuronal damage, and chronic mossy fiber sprouting. Nevertheless, VGB did not help with the retention of cognitive performance. Our findings suggest that further research into the role of VGB in epileptogenesis and the treatment of epilepsy in clinical practice is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1213
JournalLife
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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