Stromal interaction molecules STIM1 and STIM2 are endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ sensors that initiate store-operated Ca 2+ entry (SOCE). The roles of STIM1-mediated SOCE in cancer biology have been highlighted in different types of cancer, but that of STIM2 is unknown. By the model of cervical cancer, here we focus on the cooperative regulation of SOCE by STIM proteins and their distinct roles in cellular function. Immunofluorescent stainings of surgical specimens of cervical cancer show that STIM1 and STIM2 are abundant in tumor tissues, but STIM1 is the major ER Ca 2+ sensor identified in the invasive front of cancer tissues. STIM1 or STIM2 overexpression in cervical cancer SiHa cells induces an upregulated SOCE. Regarding cellular function, STIM1 and STIM2 are necessary for cell proliferation, whereas STIM1 is the dominant ER Ca 2+ sensor involved in cell migration. During SOCE, STIM1 is aggregated and translocated towards the Orai1-containing plasma membrane in association with the microtubule plus-end binding protein EB1. In contrast, STIM2 is constitutively aggregated without significant trafficking or association with microtubules. These results show the distinct role of STIM1 and STIM2 in SOCE and cellular function of cervical cancer cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology