The DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism predicted metabolic change in drug-naive patients with bipolar II disorder

Ting Ting Chang, Shiou Lan Chen, Yun Hsuan Chang, Po See Chen, Chun Hsien Chu, Shih Heng Chen, San Yuan Huang, Nian Sheng Tzeng, Liang Jen Wang, Tzu Yun Wang, Chia Ling Li, Yi Lun Chung, Tsai Hsin Hsieh, I. Hui Lee, Kao Ching Chen, Yen Kuang Yang, Jau Shyong Hong, Ru Band Lu, Sheng Yu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with bipolar II disorder (BDII) have a higher prevalence rate ofmetabolic disturbance.Whether BDII itself, in addition to its current standard treatment, is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome warrants additional study. The dopamine receptor D3 (DRD3) gene, one of the candidate genes for BDII, is also involved in the dopaminergic system.We investigated whether it is related to changes in the metabolic indices of patients with BDII given 12 weeks of standard treatment. Patients with a first diagnosis of BDII (n117) were recruited. Metabolic profiles (cholesterol, triglycerides, fasting serum glucose, body mass index) were measured at baseline and at 2, 8, and 12 weeks. The genotype of the DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism (rs6280) was determined. Multiple linear regressions with generalized estimating equation methods were used. Seventy-six (65.0%) patients completed the 12-week intervention. Significant differences in triglyceride change were associated with the DRD3 Ser9Gly genotype (P0.03). Patients with the Ser/Ser genotype had significantly smaller triglyceride increases and a lower risk of developing metabolic syndrome than did those with the Ser/Gly+Gly/Gly genotype. However, the associations between the DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism with changes in triglyceride level become nonsignificant after correcting for multiple comparisons. We conclude that the DRD3 Ser9Gly polymorphism is nominally associated with changes in triglycerides and metabolic syndrome after 12 weeks of standard BDII treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3488
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume95
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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