Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are of great interest for the development of novel cell therapies due to their ease of isolation and expansion, immunosuppressive activity, and multilineage differentiation potential. However, the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic potential of ASCs remain to be elucidated. Others and we have shown that nuclear proteins such as histone H1 and high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) play important roles in the maturation of dendritic cells (DCs). Furthermore, we previously demonstrated translocation of histone H1 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in DCs. In the present study, we confirmed that histone H1 does not alter the immunophenotype and immunosuppression potential of ASCs, but that histone H1 enhanced wound healing and increased interleukin (IL)-6 expression. Moreover, histone H1 treated-ASCs showed up-regulation of MAPKs extracellular-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and sequential NF-κB translocation. Finally, we found that culture in differentiation media supplemented with histone H1 enhanced ASC osteogenesis. In contrast, inhibition of histone H1 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) reduced osteogenic differentiation markers including ALP. These results suggest that histone H1 may be useful for induction of mesenchymal stem cells in tissue engineering and future potential ASC therapies. J. Cell. Physiol. 227: 3417-3425, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology